The main causes of female infertility

The factors that prevent pregnancy during regular sex may be several. The main causes of infertility can be considered inflammatory diseases of the pelvis, genetic pathology, congenital abnormality of childbearing organs, surgical intervention in the reproductive system, Craniocerebral injuries, stress and metabolic imbalance, natural deceleration of all physiological processes after 35 years


The main causes of infertility in women:

Damage to uterine tubes and uterine mucosa Such injuries are often caused by inflammation, mainly caused by sexually transmitted diseases. Connective tissue adhesions in the pelvic area are often the cause of female infertility, can be the result of surgery. In the case of a damaged or impassable fallopian tube, fertilization of the egg is not possible due to mechanical obstruction. The condition of the uterine mucosa is affected by inflammation and surgical operations in the patient's medical history. Damage to the uterine body prevents the embryo, which has developed from the fertilized ovum, from being fixed, to the uterine mucosa and the onset of pregnancy.

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The presence of various vitamins and minerals in the diet has a significant impact on fertility. They are well assimilated by the body from fresh vegetables. Another possibility of obtaining the necessary vitamins and minerals is the use of food additives. The most important vitamins are A, C and E, B vitamins and folic acid.

Body weight.

Women who are overweight cause menstrual irregularities and problems with carrying a fetus Lack of body weight, especially during the formation of ovarian function, has an effect on fertility similar to excess weight. In men, adipose tissue causes the production of female estrogen hormone, which is the cause of sperm deterioration.


In women, smoking causes premature egg destruction. Studies have shown that women who smoke end fertile age many years earlier than non-smokers. It has also been shown that infertility treatment is not as effective for smokers as it is for non-smokers, and that they're more likely to have miscarriages.

Men's infertility

In 40% of cases, conception is not possible because of problems with the mobility, activity and viability of the male seed. For the examination it is necessary to carry out a spermogram - an analysis that determines the number and activity of sperm cells. If the proportion of active sperm is less than 50%, doctors prescribe a number of additional examinations. For example, if you find a large number of white blood cells in the male seed, the andrologist prescribes a bacterial sperm - the analysis, to detect a co-infection. If a large number of abnormal sperm cells are detected in the spermogram, the patient will have to undergo a morphological analysis of the sperm, that can be used to determine the nature of the pathology and to select the appropriate treatment for male infertility.

Anovulator cycle

Conception occurs as a result of the fusion of the male seed with the female egg. One of the causes of infertility is a disorder of maturation and egg production. The reason for the lack of ovulation may be stress, hormonal failure, recent infection or polycystic ovarian disease (maturation and egg production are not possible). Most often the anovulatory cycle is accompanied by irregular menstruation, although there are cases when a woman is not aware of her problems. Suspect the absence of ovulation will help to measure basal temperature, as well as analysis for hormonal mirror and ultrasound. As a result, it is possible to achieve the resumption of ovulation, which in turn increases the chances of pregnancy by several times.

The obstruction of the fallopian tubes

The most common cause of infertility is the solder process in the fallopian tubes. Adnexitis, chlamydia, endometriosis, and previous abortions are all factors that affect the permeability of the tubes, as the adhesions resulting from the sluggish inflammatory process narrow the gap between the inner walls of the pipes, making them impenetrable. As a result, a mature ovum and a viable sperm may simply not meet, and without that, the conception won't happen. In order to check the permeability of the fallopian tubes, the gynaecologist usually prescribes a number of tests, the most informative of which are - Hysterspinglingography. Modern technologies make it possible to restore the permeability of fallopian tubes by means of hydrotubation and plastic surgery.

Uterine pathology

The ability to conceive and bear a child is greatly influenced by the condition of the uterus, its structure, birth defects, and inflammatory changes in endometrium. Myomas, polyps, uterine scars caused by childbirth, surgery or abortions -all of which can also affect a woman's ability to conceive. Hysteroscopy - a study - will help to assess the condition of the uterus, during which an optical device is inserted into the uterine cavity to examine the walls of the organ, Evaluate the epithelium, detect neoplasms and other pathologies that prevent conception. In case of detection of new growths, the doctor will advise to remove them surgically. This is usually followed by hormonal replacement therapy and you can try to conceive a child again.